Machine Learning By DevTechToday December 21, 2022

How Machine Learning Is Used In Agriculture: Tips You Will Read This Year

Machine learning in agriculture has proved successful but it is crucial to advancement. In agriculture and other sectors of machine learning, data collection, processing, and analysis are key components of precision, which aims to increase agricultural productivity. With the aid of cutting-edge technology, data can be gathered on a modern farm.

Today, Some businesses apply AI software to numerous processes in agriculture, including machine learning. Through the reduction of waste and improvement of product quality, these tools can significantly impact agricultural output and profitability.

If we take a closer look at machine learning applications and methods in agriculture.  We shall get in-depth information about their potential for use in agriculture. Additionally, in this article, we will discuss important ML and its applications and benefits in the agriculture sector.

Importance of Machine Learning in Agriculture

The technical developments that make the current and, particularly, the future of agriculture so fascinating wouldn’t be as revolutionary and thrilling without ML or AI. The technology that will enable agriculture to take the enormous step ahead it needs to in order to supply the world’s food needs is artificial intelligence (AI).

A machine learning example that is already employed in many daily lives is the virtual assistant SIRI in Apple goods or something similar. When SIRI collects and enhances data based on previous encounters with her, it is the ML or ai – powered component at work. Continual responses from SIRI will be tailored to suit your tastes.

Similarly to that, machine learning in agriculture is intended to gather particular data and use particular algorithms to identify anticipated outcomes. It is equipped to filter through a large amount of data. Certain mental processes, including pattern creation, thinking, learning, and sometimes even help in making choices, can be mimicked by machine learning.

Top Application of Machine Learning in Agriculture

Precision spraying

Future yields are determined by a vast array of pre-harvesting actions known as crop management. However, this is among the most challenging stages of the agricultural cycle. Crop resistance may be impacted by increased drought frequency, higher temperatures, unexpected soaking and drying cycles, and other factors. In order to advance this stage, machine learning development is frequently used.

The forecasting of crop yield is another use of ML in agriculture. The use of technology facilitates choices about what types of crops to plant and what tasks should be carried out throughout the growing season. Crop yield is employed as a dependent variable while making forecasts in terms of technology. 

Soil management

To identify and anticipate agricultural soil characteristics like constitution, dryness, temperature, and wetness, soil management can employ machine learning (ML). This approach, which would be focused on computer vision, offers a prompt and affordable solution. The levels of soil drying and temperature provide crucial information on how climate change is affecting a place.

Instead, the variability in crop output is determined by soil moisture and composition. A group of Greek researchers employed machine learning predictive models to estimate soil organic carbon, moisture content, and total nitrogen.

Automatic weeding

The management of weeds is a crucial responsibility for agricultural production. To ensure that the crop output is not harmed, it is vital to identify the different types of weeds and then get rid of them. Manual plucking is laborious on the back and takes a lot of time.

Herbicides were once the last resort for farmers, but it has since been established that they are harmful to the environment. Robots programmed with machine learning technology are a brand-new option that is already in the works.

Disease and weed detection:

It is now possible to identify weed species and identify whether crops are infected by fungi, bacteria, or viruses with the use of ML-driven image processing.

Digital applications can also accurately diagnose diseases and suggest the most effective therapies.

For instance, one method uses a SOM neural network and hyperspectral reflectance imaging to distinguish between plant stress brought on by illness and stress brought on by nutrient insufficiency.

Harvesting robots

It’s not a new practice to pick potatoes and carrots mechanically. However, collecting green and cool-season vegetables used to be the most difficult task. Previously, their plucking was done manually because they could not survive vigorous treatment.

Robots can now recognize and gather this kind of product thanks to machine learning. The autonomous harvester, known as Vegebot, can identify and gather veggies while preserving their quality. Moreover, by making several passes over the same area, robots may be able to reduce food waste. Farmers will be able to collect ripe veggies that weren’t prepared for picking during earlier passes, thanks to this.

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Future challenges for Agriculture 

Increasing agricultural output is necessary to keep up with rising demand, which, as was already said, would rise by 50% by 2050. Due to factors including population expansion, urbanization, and rising per capita income, demand will change structurally, and agriculture’s reliance on natural resources will face new difficulties. Future small-scale and family farmers’ ability to support themselves and increase their level of livelihood depends on producing more food while using less energy.

The need for food production changes as a result of population growth, which has an impact on natural resource availability. All of these elements, including agricultural land, water, forests, and fisheries, will be affected.

By 2050, an additional 100 million hectares of land must be used for agriculture. According to predictions, the demand for agricultural land will decrease in high-income nations while increasing in low-income ones. It is challenging to access fertile land due to a lack of infrastructure, geographic isolation, or other considerations, necessitating increased productivity in order to fulfill the rising demand for food.


One of the quickest industries today is the use of Machine learning in agriculture. Simple advanced analytics to sophisticated robotics equipment are all examples of their uses in farming. In order to obtain trustworthy input data for the data analysis, an increasing number of parties are increasing awareness of the possible benefits of employing ML in agriculture and working with Data Science and AI firms.

The employment of Machine learning in agriculture in the upcoming projects may be useful in the future.  If you are interested in the related topic in the future, you can  Visit DevTechToday to get more technology-related articles and subscribe to this page.